The quintessential entrepreneur

Recently one of my readers asked me how she could visit my friend Gani in Sumatra. I asked Gani and this is what I got back (that’s what I call entrepreneurship!):

If you’re interested in visiting let me know and I’ll connect you to Gani.

HOMESTAY PROGRAM AT COFFEE FARMER’S HOUSE

Programmed by COFFEE FARMERS COOP

In Lintongnihuta Distric

Humbanghasundutan Regency-North Sumatra-INDONESIA

 1.       INTRODUCTION

Humbanghsundutan one of the regency  in North sumatra provincy is located from 2°1-2°28 North latitude and from 98°10-98°58 east longitude, and it is in the center region of North Sumatra province.

Humbanghasundutan regency’s area width 251 765, 93 Ha with altitude betwen 330-2,075 m above the sea level.Humbanghasundutan population 171.686 peoples (2010 source). Humbanghasundutan regency has 10 sub distric namely: Pakkat regency, Onan ganjang, Sijamapolang,Lintongnihuta, Paranginan, Dologsanggul, Pollung, Patlilitan,Tarabintang,Bakti raja.

Agriculture is the biggest income for Humbanghasundutan regency such as Coffee, Paddy, horticulture, and forestry. Coffee is as a mani product  for humbangahsundutan wich is well know in international market cause high quality and coffee from humbang called” Sumatra Lintong Coffee Arabica” Humbanghasundutan can products 5.506,30 ton/year (2009 source).

2.       ABOUT LINTONG COFFEE

Coffee is main income for 90% of peoples of humbanghasundutan, mosly farmers still paractising in traditional way in doing farming. Lintongnihuta district  one of the largest coffee  producers in Humbanghsudutan regency.  the coffee from this distric  high quality and have special aroma  because with an elevation (1410-1470m above the sea level)  and temperature (17° C-29°C ) are very suitable  for arabica coffee. The name of “Sumatra Lintong Coffee Arabica” taken form the name of this distric.

Coffee came to lintong from Java, around 1800-s and large small holder producer process unique semi washes processing technique.coffee from lintong sumatra is known for its smooth, sweet body that is balance and intence.  Farmers usually sell their coffee to local market  in part of “Parchment” and then collector buy and sell it to small holder processing after sun dry and hull the bean  and sell it to exporter in medan. Exporter company then do sortering, packaging and shipping to many countries.

Many farmers actually never enjoy their great coffee. Mosty if they want to drink of coffee they just buy form local market and get blending coffee with very low quality. Where their high quality coffee goes? As usual the best one for exporter and the bad one stay at home. This is reality of coffee farmers in humbanghasudutan. Some of the tourist ( especially coffee lover) when they drop for a while  at traditional coffee shop, they will dissampointed because peoples will serve with strange coffee not lintong coffee or sumatran coffee as they always drunk at sturback, or famous coffee shop in Europe or America.

Very less farmers who enjoy “lintong Coffee” due to expensive and less skill to process it till exellent cup.

But during homestay, we will serve with guinuie” lintong coffee “ for participants prepared by small farmers group in Lintong.

3.       PROGRAM THAT WE OFFE

a.       Homestay at coffee farmers

b.       Coffee field work

c.        Coffee processing

d.       Visit Coffee Luwak farm

e.       Fellowship program with Kindergarten , Junior High School, High School

f.        Sight seeing at Sipincur and lake Toba, Natural Hotspring

 a.       Homestay Program

Participants  will stay at Coffee farmers and living together and doing some farming activities Activities

Generally There is fixed scheduled activities at home participants can follow host family

Cooking, such as raising pig, chicken, water buffalo (Livestock) and weeding, plugging with hoe, coffee harvesting,etc.

-Language .

Mostly local peoples can not speak english nor Ducht, miss communication migh be often during homestay. We will try to aarrange  the host family that has a daughter/son who learning English ( Mosly junior high school and Senior High Schiool learn English at School) so it will encourage them to eager to learn english seriously at school.

With host family who cannot speak english, Body language also very usefull and meaningful to understand each other.

Addition we can provide short “Batak language” course for participants

Culture:

Most probably, during homestay program. Host family will have or go to some batak culture party such as wedding party, etc..participants can join with them also

Batak peopes really respect culture same as Asian Culture, maybe during visit or join culture party please concern about your dress (Host family will explain that actually)

-Food and Local Market

Indonesian food (especially batak food)  and also  the way to cook, how to serve totally different with erupean style.

About food participant can cook by themselves if they want to cook or together with host famiy. And participants and host family can go together to local market for buying daily food ( there are three local market nearby  lintongnihuta that can reach only 15-20 minutes by public bus :

Name Open Location
Lintongnihuta Monday (4 am-6 pm) Lintongnihuta Coffee market,for daily ife market
Siborong borong Tuesday(4 am-6 pm) Siborong borong Coffee market,for daily ife market
Dologsanggul Friday(4 am-6 pm) Dologsanggul Coffee market,for daily ife market

The most inportant thing, partisipants can observe how the farmers sell their coffee to local market. For many foreign peoples enjoy coffee market at local market will be very interesting moment because we could see the farmers selling their coffee to collector and collector then selling to big collector in the same market. A lot of money rotates only for coffee at this local market. Very unique and rare local market.  Participants can take a picture by free, talking with peoples, offer some product or even only observe. How about pickpocket? As long as you always carefully for your items no problems at all and surely we will guide and take care you always.

 b.       Coffee field

All of farmers have small scale coffee farm (0.5 ha-1 ha) at different place. If your host family have coffee farm far from house. Participant can walk or ride motorbike with host family.

At the Coffee farm participants can work together with host family with following coffee activities schedules:

Months Activities
1,2 Weeding , Composting
3,4,5, Harvesting
6, 7,8,9 Weeding, Pruning , Composting
10, 11,12 Harvest
  1. c.        Coffee Processing

Participants can enrich their knowledge in coffee processing such how the farmers process their coffee and then sell them into local market:

Here Coffee processing that participant can learn:

No Processing In charge Take Place
1 Harvesting Farmers, participant Home
2 Fermentation Farmers, participant Home
3 Washing Farmers, participant Home
4 Drying Farmers, participant Home
5 Hulling machinery Visit company
6 Drying Farmers, participant Visit company, Home Industry
7 Sorting Machinary Visit Company
8 Roasting Farmers, participant Home industry
9 Granulating Farmers, participant Home industry
10 Packaging Farmers, participant Home industry

a.       Visit Coffee Luwak farm

What is Coffee Luwak

Civet Coffee also know as kopi Luwak is the most expensive and covered gourmet coffee in the world, But it comes from a very unusual source, the dropping of Asian Palm Civets (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus), a cat like animal native to Indonesia. Civets only eats the  best sweet ripe red berries, swallowed and processed by civet unique gasteric juice and enzymes. Fermentation take place on digestive system, where some protein adn sugar are removed, the bean passing through and drop out still in form on laces coffee bean with parchment. Fermentation that occurs in the stomach of civet coffee that is preciously waht unique aroma and taste of beans civets.

The farmers then collect , wash sun dry, and processed very carefully to become precious coffee just like every other coffee bean. The source of the beans doesn’t seem to be deterring coffee lovers with kopi luwak (Civet Coffee) selling for up to $ 1, 300 per kilo,making it the most coffee in the world according to Forbes Magazine.

Who producers this coffee in Lintong?

One of our farmers group called” PETANI KOPI LUWAK LINTONG” producs this very rare coffee by colllecting them form the jungle around coffee farm (Wild Civet Coffee) and by raising luwak. Participans can join to find luwak coffee from the jungle or if they want to see directy the animal, they can visit our luwak husbandry. Participoants can feed luwak animal with banana, cherry, painaiple, and some local fruits. And participatsn also can join to process the kopi luwak until packaging in all manual and traditional way. And of course participants will have many chance to enjoy and drink “ the most expensive coffee in the world” by FREE.

d.       Fellowship Programs

Kindergarten in rural Area

The inportant of education in rural area slowly development. Since peoples more aware how inportand the knowledge for a better future.

Especially the peoples in rural area. For long time peoples start to have  an formal education only at SD (Primary). Kindergaten (the agesform 3-5 years) as actual formal education only for peoples at city area. Peoples in rural area did not have a chance to get an education from kindergarten.

few years ago, with local goverment and community have started to build such kindergarten in rural area called” PAUD-Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini” mean education for children. Just like play group for childrens to nurture children so that they will be ready to enter primary school.

Many PAUD establised by community such building and some of the tools for children and Community ask and pay young peoples who have an education and already work in the village to take care and teach their childrens. School will start from 08 AM until 10 Am. For a chance participants can visit “PAUD School” to have a fellowship and play with them and talk with their teacher or children’s parents.

Fellowship program at junior and high School

There are some junior and high school and also vocational school in lintongnihuta. English included as main curriculum. But recenty there some school who learning foreingn language as addition curriculum such as japanese, manadarin, ducht also. With program many students get opportunity to learn international language at school which is very important to keep in touch many peopes and have chance to work in international work in the future if they have skill in speacking of foreingner language.

One of high school in lintong called” SMA N 1 Lintongnihuta” almost every year visited many japanese student because they learn Japanese.  Many students become motivated to be eager to learn  more foreingner language with fellowship program that SMA N 1 Lintongnihuta and Japanese Students did. Beside that, by fellowship program have  created strong relationship and good interaction among students and participants from Japan. Wishing in the future we can make such exchance students program.

For this program participants aso can give some great ideas how to develop education in rural area and have a chance to share with them many thing of course by using foreign language.

e.       Sight seeing at Sipincur and lake Toba, Natural Hotspring

Many hidden tourist spot actually in Humbanghasundutan regency. Some of them like Bakara view, Sipincur and hutaginjang view ( form this place we can see the wonderfull panorama of lake toba from many side. Hutaginjang (About 15 Km from lintong, sipincur about 5 Km from Lintong), on the way to sipincur we can see small scale of coffee farm.

If participants want to relax their body, we can  go to natural hotspiring in Butar (15 Km from Lintong).

 4.       CONCLUSION

1.       Participants (Guests) will see what the real life of staying in rural area to open their mind what actually the peoples need.

2.       Participants can learn about uniqness of batak culture by joining many occation with host family.

3.       With Homestay program both participants (Guests)and Host family would create a strong relationship in the future.

4.       By visiting many school such kindergaten, primay schoool, junior and high school, and have a fellowship with them share education and culture, Participants can learn about the system of education in rural area such Lintongnihuta.

5.       As mostly coffee as a main source, Participants will understand how the farmers take care their coffee farm and then sell it to local market with low price.

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